DIY Laser Fume Extractor: Part 2 – The Scope & v8.2

DIY Laser Fume Extractor: Part 2 – The Scope & v8.2

Return to DIY Laser Fume Extractor: Part 1

First Thing First:


Laser engravers and laser cutters release  toxic fumes including carbon monoxide, even when used properly. Some will kill you slowly. SOME WILL KILL YOU FAST!!! Some resulting funerals may be closed casket scenarios. Some will save money by cremating you for you.  So please have fire extinguishers and carbon monoxide/explosive gas/smoke detectors set up and ready!!

Activated carbon hazards. Wet activated carbon preferentially removes oxygen from air. In closed or partially closed containers and vessels, oxygen depletion may reach hazardous levels.

Static electricity could build up and spark the fumes too.

Kidde CO & Explosive Detector
Regular and CO2 Fire Extinguishers

As much as we may sound like we know what we are talking about, we are armatures. Please use all  information provided here strictly as your entertainment, akin to watching episodes of Good Mythical Morning

The DIY Laser Fume Extractor, Version 8.2

We were busy improving the fume extractor so at the point of this post, we’ve finalized with a working version, Bernie 8.2. Here are its specs:


We initially began designing and testing the laser fume scrubber using a 12 x 12″ form factor for the gas flow. However, we quickly realized that it is just not enough for a continual flow with sustained negative pressure as the filtration media filled with particulates.

At the same time we changed to the current 20 x 25″ design, we changed two major things:

  1. We made each unit into a modular design so updating one did not mean we had to re-create the entire system. We simply removed the old with the new unit by swapping them out.
  2. we started to use the Honeywell electronic filter instead of 12 x 12 x 12 ” HEPA filter. The initial cost of the new electro-static filter was about twice the cost of the consumable HEPA filter so in the long run this was definitely more economical solution (about a couple of months). It was about 6″ narrower than the heavy aluminum enclosed HEPA filter as well.

Input Voltage:

  • 120V

Exhaust Intake Ports:

  • 4″ dia. x 2

Exhaust Output Port:

  • 6″ dia. x 1


This is pretty much how Bernie 8.2 is
  1. Exhaust Mixer (4″ dia. x 2)
  2. Large Particulate Filter (16×24″ HVAC MERV 13 Particulate Filter) [see details…]
  3. Electro-Static Filter (Honeywell F300E1019 16 x 25″) [see details…]
  4. Activated Charcoal Filter (approx. 14 x 12 x 22″ 4x6mm coal based pellets)
  5. Exhaust Gas Director Unit (6″ dia. x 2)
  6. Blast Gate, metal ( POWERTEC 70227 Aluminum Blast Gate, 6″)
  7. Six” dia. Ducts (Approx. 40″)
  8. Pre-Blower Muffler, 6″ dia. (VIVOSUN 6 Inch Noise Reducer Silencer for Inline Duct Fan x 1)
  9. Exhaust Fan box with a Centrifugal Blower (B-AIR Kodiak 1/2 HP Bounce House Blower x 1)
  10. Post-Blower Muffle, 6″ dia.r (VIVOSUN 6 Inch Noise Reducer Silencer for Inline Duct Fan x 1)

Structural Materials:

  • 1/4″ Birch Plywood*
  • 1/4 MDF*
  • 1/2 MDF
  • 6-32 Machine Screws & Nuts
  • Urethane Wood Glue
  • Hot -Melt Glue
  • 4″ Irrigation PVC Sch. 1 tubings
  • 6″ Irrigation PVC Sch. 2 tubings
  • 4″ Flexible Dust Collection duct
  • 6″ Metal Corrugated Flexible Duct
  • HVAC Tape
  • Blue Masking Tape
  • Aluminum Drip Edge Flashing 12″ roll
  • Metal bug screens

* Both the birch plywood and MDF are quite porous. So it’s probably best to use either pre-finished plywood or coat the outside of the units using 3 part water 1 part PVA glue to seal them.

Safety and Safety Features:


  • Laser Engraver
  • Table Saw
  • Screw Drivers
  • Metal Snips
  • Adobe Illustrator, CC 2018


  • 16 x 25 x 1″ Merv 13 Filter
  • 3,700 cubic inches of Coal Based Activated Charcoal Pellets (4 x 6mm)

Assembly Hints:

  • After allowing the negative pressure to build up, put some hot-melt glue on the seams and screws to seal any gaps.


  • As needed washing of Electro-Static filter unit x 2


Illustrator Vector Drawing



Bernie 8.2 Front Overview. The gas enters from the bottom right of the picture above. The scrubbed exhaust exit via the 6 in duct on the upper left.

Right Side:

Laser Engraver Exhausts (4″ Flexible Ducts x 2, approx. 4′ ea.). These are fed from the back and the bottom of the engraver.

Unit Views and Descriptions:

Exhaust Mixer (4″ dia. x 2). There is a vein on the left side of the unit, guiding the gas entering from the right towards the Large Particulate Filter, 90°.
Large Particulate Filter (16×24″ HVAC MERV 13 Particulate Filter. The center of the edge facing out is taped on top and bottom with the leading tongue for an easy removal.
Electro-Static Filter (Honeywell F300E1019). This unit has two static units, each measuring approx 12x12x4″. They get soaked in dishwater detergent solution before getting lightly scrubbed for cleaning. This unit takes the “smoky” look of the exhaust.
Activated Charcoal Filter (14x12x22″ 4x6mm coal based pellets). This unit takes most of the odor of the exhaust. The coal based pellets can reduce wider range of chemicals than coconut based ones.
Exhaust Gas Director Unit (6″ dia. x 2). There are two 90° veins on the top of the unit guiding the exhaust into two 6″ dia. ducts.
Blast Gate, metal ( POWERTEC 70227 Aluminum Blast Gate, 6″). The blast gate located high up is operated from the ground level using the attached wood piece. It is primary open unless all the suction from the end blower is required for the post wood working dust collection purpose.
Exhaust Fan box with a Centrifugal Blower and noise mufflers. The box is constructed from 1/2″ MDF with additional  1/2″ felt covering of the interior side. There are two sound suppressors on the outside. These are designed for the blowers for growers. One after the blower (bottom left) did most of the trick. Since two were purchased, we also put it on before the blower. We believe there were about 15 dB decrease in the noise.

Prototype Views:

The following images are of 1/2 size models using 1/8″ thick “door skin” which is approximately 1/2 the thickness of the 1/4 birch plywood. This was easily achieved by scaling the drawing appropriately before outputting to the engraver. These plywood pieces fit together for testing the structural integrity and fit, even though the screw holes are too small to simulate. Between the smaller size and thinner materials, it is much faster to cut these using the laser.

A closeup view of the large particulate filter unit.
Another view of the Large Particulate Filter unit, this time showing the interior construction.
This is the carcass of the Activated Charcoal Unit, sitting above the large Particulate filter. The final version has the Electro-Static Filter Unit between them.
Another view of the carcass of Activated Charcoal Unit. On the final full scaled working version, it would have the metal bug screen glued just below the false bottom of the unit (which supports the drawer) to prevent activated carbon pellets from falling into the Electro-Static Filter unit below.
This is the drawer of the Activated Charcoal Unit.
This is the entire view of the Activated Charcoal Unit.
This is another view of the Activated Charcoal Unit, the drawer partly opened.


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